Outlander was mainly filmed in and around Halifax and Nine Mile River, Nova Scotia, Canada, the Viking village itself being built in Nine Mile River. Some other Nova Scotia filming locations are Oakfield Park and Kinsac Lake according to a recent ChroncleHerald article. The Website for the Halifax Regional Municipality Mentions that most of the filming in Nova Scotia is outside of the municipality ( a good thing considering the films setting) but it adds that they would be shooting in Kidston Lake Park.
Principal photography took place between October 16th 2006 and January 5th 2007. Additional effects scenes were shot on stages at Fantasy II Film Effects in California. And some additional photography was apparently done in Mardalsfossen, Norway.
Little Port, Newfoundland:
The opening and closing sequences of the film – which include a funeral in which a Viking ship is set ablaze as a sort of funeral pyre have been filmed in Little Port , near Lark Harbour in The Bay of Islands, Newfoundland, Canada.
Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland:
number of scenic aerial shots were also taken in the Gros Morne National Park in
Newfoundland, not far from a historic Viking settlement that dates to 1000 A.D.
Halifax, Nova Scotia:
The final weeks of shooting took place on the sounstages of Electropolis Studios - a converted power plant – in Halifax.
Electropolis studios, Halifax, NS
Kidston Lake, Rockingstone Park - Halifax, Nova Scotia:
It seems Kidston Lake in Spryfield – a Halifax suburb –
has stood in for Kainan's spaceship crash landing site. Fiery wreckage was strewn on the shore!
Quicktime VR: http://www.virtualnovascotia.ca/fullscreen/kidston_lake.html
Oakfield Provincial Park, Nova Scotia:
Kinsac Lake, Nova Scotia:
The Scenes filmed near the Mardalsfossen waterfall are almost certainly only aerial establishing shots.